Management of Anaphylactic reaction (Type 1 Hypersensitivity Reaction)
An anaphylactic reaction may be seen in a patient during or after taking the blood sample.
You may see this reaction due to trauma, pain, or an unusual situation.
So every technician and ordinary man or woman should know how to deal in such a situation.
First, try to know how these patients will have a presentation:
Signs and symptoms.
The patient will show:
- Itching of the skin.
- Feeling of confusion.
- Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
- Abdominal or back pain.
- There will be flushing, pallor, or cyanosis.
- Laryngeal edema leads to stridor.
- There is low blood pressure.
- Respiratory depression.
- Bronchospasm leads to asthmatic attacks.
- Immediately perform the following measures.
- Stop taking the blood sample.
- Lie the patient flat and raise the legs.
- Maintain the airway.
- Call the doctor for help.
- Give an injection of antihistamine or decadron (hydrocortisone).
- Give oxygen if needed.
- Give cardiopulmonary resuscitation if needed.
- If the patient does not improve then transfer the patient to the hospital.
This article is written for even the general public. This will be helpful to everybody.