Prealbumin, Thyroxine binding prealbumin (TBPA),
- The venous blood of the patient is needed to prepare the serum.
- This can be estimated in the 24 hours of urine and CSF.
- Marker for the patient with nutritional status.
- It is a sensitive indicator of protein synthesis and catabolism.
- Avoid hemolysed and lipemic serum.
- In the case of coexistent infection, the results are not reliable.
- Anabolic steroids, androgens, and prednisone increase the level.
- Amiodarone, oral contraceptives, and estrogens decrease the level.
- Prealbumin is the major plasma protein.
- Prealbumin has a shorter half-life of 2 days.
- Prealbumin half-life of 2 days is much less than the albumin of 21 days.
- This is present in the serum and CSF.
- This is the main component of the CSF proteins.
- The pre-albumin binds:
- Retinol (RBP) and it also binds the vit.A.
- Prealbumin binds the thyroxin called thyroxine-binding prealbumin (TBPA).
- This is a good marker than albumin and transferrin.
- This is a better indicator of liver synthetic activity.
- Prealbumin levels fluctuate more rapidly in response to liver synthesis rate than do the other proteins, so clinically quantitation of the prealbumin is more useful as a marker of the nutritional status.
- Because of the shorter half-life, it is a better indicator of any change affecting protein synthesis and catabolism.
- This is advised to monitor the effectiveness of the total parenteral nutrition.
- Prealbumin decreases in acute and chronic inflammation.
- Prealbumin is a negative acute-phase reactant protein.
- Its level decreases in malignancy, and inflammation.
- Also, it decreases in the protein-losing disease of the intestine and kidneys.
- Zinc is needed for its synthesis, so in case of deficiency of Zinc, prealbumin will below.
- Adult = 15 to 36 mg/dL.
- < 5 days =6 to 21 mg/dL
- 6 to 9 years = 15 to 33 mg/dL.
- 10 to 13 years = 22 to 36 mg/dL.
- 14 to 19 years = 22 to 45 mg/dL.
- Urine 24 hours = 0.017 to 0.047 mg/ 24 hours.
- CSF = 2% of the total CSF proteins.
The decreased level of prealbumin is seen in:
- In hepatocellular dysfunction.
- It is decreased in tissue damage.
- In inflammation.
- In malnutrition.
- In burn.
- Drugs like oral contraceptives, Estrogen, and amiodarone.
- Salicylates poisoning.
The increased level of prealbumin is seen in:
- In Hodgkin’s disease.
- In chronic kidney diseases.
- Some cases of nephrotic syndrome.
- In pregnancy
- Drugs like steroids, prednisolone, and androgens.
- Critical value = when <10.7 mg/dL
- This indicates severe nutritional deficiencies.