Your source for clinical lab test information.

Suggested Screening Tests

Posted July 15, 2009

Here are a few important screening tests that we suggest. 1. Stool Occult Blood--One should have yearly screening after the age of 45 years. 2. Liver enzyme levels--May be helpful for monitoring of patient on hepatotoxic drugs. 3. Amylase level--In case of abdominal pain may be helpful to rule out pancreatitis. 4. Thyroid stimulating harmone (TSH)-- This will diagnose hypo or hyperthyroidism and is advised for people 50 years and over. 5. Urine Culture--Detects Pyuria 6. TT(tuberculosis test)--This is the easiest test for the screening of tuberculosis. 7. Fasting Blood Sugar--Every 3 year Starting at 45 years of age. It monitors the diabetes mellitis.

Diabetic Patient Record book

Posted July 15, 2009

This record book has been prepared just for the Diabetic patients with the idea that it will help to keep their record in order to monitor their disease. This book will also guide you aboutt what to do periodically to know the status of your disease. The booklet will also help patients to prevent and delay the complications of Diabetes Mellitis.

FNAC (Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology)

Posted July 15, 2009

In our lab we are doing FNA daily. This procedure is safe and inexpensive in comparison to open surgical biopsies. No anaesthesia is required. Report may be ready in one hour.

We offer FNA for following organs,

  1. Liver,
  2. Lymphnodes,
  3. Breast,
  4. Thyroid,
  5. Abdominal palpable masses,
  6. Follow-up cases of previous surgery,
  7. Soft tissue tumors, and
  8. Any palpable lumps.

In routine we use 25G needle and in most of the FNA we don’t use suction. We air dry the smears and use field stain.

Physical Activity

Posted July 15, 2009

Dietry factors and physical inactivity are the second most important contributors to preventable death. A sedantry life style has been linked to 28% of deaths from leading chronic diseases.The CDC has recommended that every adult should engage in 30 minutes or more of moderate intensity physical activity on more days of week.The new guidelines complements previous advice urging at least 20--30 minutes of more vigorous aerobic exercise three to five times a week.

Cigarrett Smoking

Posted July 15, 2009

Cigarette Smoking is the most important cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in developed world. Its main chemical ingredient is NICOTINE which is highly addictive, raises the brain level of dopamine and produces withdrawal symptoms on discontinuation; Cigarettes are responsible for one in every five deaths in USA.

Still the smoking prevalence rates have been increasing among high school and college students. Smoking has the twice the risk of heart disease, ten times the risk of lung cancer and several times the risk of cancers of mouth, throat, esophagus, pancreas, kidney, urinary bladder, and cervix.

Smoking cessation lessens the risk of death of myocardial infarction in people with coronary artery disease.

Hepatitis B carrier

Posted July 15, 2009

In Pakistan hepatitis is spreading which may be due to lak of education and awareness. The rate of carrier for hepatitis B is roughly in the range of 5 to 20 percent.Its prevalance is high in Muzafarghar and Dera Ghazi Khan areas. The carriers are HBS antigen positive and may be Liver fuction tests normal ,these are called healthy carriers.These patients need to be watched for any abnormality in the liver funtion tests.When there is increase in serum GOT or GPT levles, then this group needs treatment.

Hepatitis B carrier 4th year M.B.B.S class

Posted July 15, 2009

The fourth year calss was screened for Hepatitis B carrier.There were male and female 6.5 percent positive.These results were checked by Eliza method.All of these have normal liver funtion tests. Then another project was designed that when medical students comes in first year there HBS antigen status should be decided.Then when this class goes to final year and again after one year of house job there HBS status to be decided.Wich will tell us how much percentage is at risk in medical college to become HBS positive. This project is still underway because of funds.