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Multan (Pakistan) , highlights and important places (part 4)

Posted May 24, 2013

Multan culture and historic places.
There is a saying in Persian that Multan is the 'City of Saints,this is also called as : Madinatul olia:
There is one persian saying:
Char tufa e multan mashoor ast
gardo garma goro goristan
No doubt there is hot climate and temperature varies from -0 C to 50 C.This is really unbelievable variation.But this happen and we have seen so many time ice in winter…
As regards the Gard mean dust that is not correct now because of the expanding agriculture.Now we do not see barren land.Now we never see red color dust storm which was routine 40 years back.Whenever we see red color dust storm ,people used to say that some innocent person is murdered.This was the myth behind red colored dust storm.But now we do not see such phenomenon.
GHor I think they do not mean grave yard but this was about the tombs of sufis and saints.This saying is correct.

Multan one of the main cities in the Southern Punjab province of Pakistan. The city has been a focal point for many religions, in particular becoming a central abode for Sufism, the mystical side of Islam.

The city has attracted Sufi saints from far places of the globe. Today, Multan is known as the 'City of Sufis’.Multan is one of the oldest cities in South Asia, with many tombs, shrines, temples, cathedrals and mausoleums, as well as a historical fort.

Today Multan is a combination of old and the new Pakistani culture. There is a big hustle bustle in the old city and comfort of a five star hotel and fine dining in the new. The old city has a various bazaars selling mystical artifacts, perfumes to arts and crafts. There are decorated shrines of the Sufi saints. tombs of various important people within the old city of Multan.There is one grave which is 9 yards in length.This is present inside the old Bohar gate bazar. I do not think that this man was 9 yards in length.Most of the people gave explanation that these big yards were in the respect of the person.The Nuagaza tombs are shrines to martyrs and warriors who fought in wars centuries ago, some dating back 1,300 years ago.

The prime attractions of Multan are its mausoleums of Sufi saints. The Mausoleum of Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya,This tomb considered to be the art of architecture.In the walls there are woods which separates the bricks.This tomb is almost more than 800 years.

The Mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam is also the prime attractions of the city. Their lofty domes of are visible, from miles and dominate the skyline of Multan.This is also present on the Qilla Qasim Fort.

Another popular shrine is the Mausoleum of Shams-ud-Din, commonly known as Shah Shamsuddin Sabzwari is located about half a mile to the east of the Multan Fort, on the high bank of the old bed of the Ravi River. Another famous and beautiful mausoleum of a warrior sufi saint and poet Hazrat Hafiz Muhammad Jamal Multani (1747–1811 AD) is situated near Aam Khas garden outside Daulat Gate, Multan.

There are also a number of other mausoleums located within the city which gather a great deal of attention. One of these is Eid Gah mosque situated on Khnewal road.This was built in 1735 AD
.
The Multan Museum located within the city has a vast collection of coins, medals, postage stamps of the former State of Bahawalpur, manuscripts, documented inscriptions, wood carvings, camel-skin paintings, historical models and stone carvings of the Islamic and Pre-Islamic periods.
Multan also has a number of old mosques which were once considered as the jewels of the city. Some have been dated back to over a thousand years ago and have been recognized as some of the oldest mosques within South East Asia. The legend goes that the first mosque ever built in Multan was the Jamia Mosque which was constructed on the orders of General Mohammed Qasim, who conquered Multan in 712 AD. Ruins of this mosque were visible till 1954 at Qasim Bella; however, due to repeated floods, the structure was lost. Sawi Mosque is supposed to be the oldest mosque which still exists today, though in deteriorating state; there are glazed blue tiles from the era in which it was built which dates the mosque to several centuries ago. The second oldest mosque within Multan is Mohammad Khan Wali Mosque. It is an excellent condition, situated in the busiest Chowck Bazar of the city. It was built by Nawab Ali Mohammad Khan Khakwani, in 1757 when he was the governor of Multan in the time of Alamgir II. The mosque is provided with a reservoir for the ablutions, baths, and a large hall for prayers.

One of the mosque is durrani mosque which 150 years old.This mosque is present near Chowk Fowara and it is really in good condition.There are colorful paintings on all the walls and the roof.This is worth seeing mosque.

Multan due to its location at the intersection of all four of Pakistan’s main provinces and due to its historical significance as a centre of learning and culture. As a result, Multan today consists of local saraikis, Punjabi, Baloch, Pashtun, Sindhi, Haryanvi and Urdu speaking people.

The city government inaugurated a new multi-purpose stadium replacing Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh Stadium which was the stadium used for football and cricket matches. The inauguration of the new stadium has allowed the city to offer Test day/night matches as well as other national sports such as hockey, badminton and football. The stadium is home to the Multan Cricket Association. Other sports grounds include Divisional Sports Ground and the Pakistan Cricket Board owned Government College Cricket Ground
The are more famous modern buildings in Multan are:

  1. Nishtar medical college Multan.
  2. Nishtar dental college,,
  3. Glamorous building of State bank of Pakistan.
  4. New Building of National Bank of pakistan.
  5. Old magnificent building of Nawab of Bahawalpur house in cantonment.
  6. Church in cantonment.
  7. Multan institute of cardiology.
  8. Ghanta Ghar
  9. Old wall around the multan.
  10. Multan art council.
  11. Degree college for women is also very old building
  12. Tomb of Britisher on Qila Qasim fort.


Multan pakistan Culture (Part 3 )

Posted May 22, 2013

Economy and occupations.
Multan is basically agriculture related city.There are commercial and industrial areas.

  • it is connected with the rest of the country through roads , rail and air including the other industrial cities like Lahore, Karachi, Gujranwala, Quetta and Faisalabad.
  • Industries include fertilizer, cosmetics, glass manufacturing, cotton production and processing, large textile units, flour mills, and oil mills..
  • There is big plant of fertilizer made with collaboration of saudi Arabia.But now unlucky this is owned by the private trader of Multan.This was privatized and sold very cheap.Only the property of this factory is more than 100 acres which is worth in millions of dollars.
  • This fertilizer factory was out of the town when built but now it is just inside the city and is source of pollution to the people.
  • It is famous for its handicrafts (carpets & ceramics) and cottage industries.
  • Multan is famous for camel skin handicrafts.There are few people lefts who are still making these camel skin handicrafts as table lamps, and decoration pieces.This industry really needs the government help to keep these people alive.Government should sponsored these people to carry on making these beautiful colorful table lamps and etc.These people majority live in the inside of city called “undroon shahr”.
  • In agriculture Multan is famous in its Mangoes.These are the best considered to be in Pakistan and even I will say in the world.There are hundreds of different varieties of mangoes and the best known is Anwar Rathhor.This is interesting that the sweetness of mangoes depends upon the hot weather.Local Multani people do not mind hot weather for the sake of mangoes.
  • Multan is also famous for the leather shoes which are called in the local language as Kanial jooti and Multani khussa.These were very cheap and made of pure leather.While people do embroidery on these shoes.
  • Embroidery work specially for the ladies is very famous.This work is done by simple cotton thread and also by artificial material called Tilla Mostly this work is done in homes like cottage industry.
  • Multan is also famous for Blue pottery.There are few places where there work is done.few shops are present in daulat gate area
  • Furniture is also the speciality by Shisham. This shisham wood is seasoned and it gives very attractive look to the furniture.Most of the shops are present near chowk Fowara and few on bawalpur road.There is one colony ( Mohalla ) where majority of the people living are carpenter called Mohalla Tarkhana.
  • Multan is also famous for Carpet industry.These carpets are exported abroad.One of the know shop is near Nishtar road known as Albokhara carpet.These are handmade carpet. and all type of variety is made like Iranian or afghani.
  • Multan is an important agricultural centre. Wheat, cotton and sugarcane are the main crops grown in the district.
  • Moreover, rice, maize, tobacco, bajra, moong (lentils), mash (lentils), masoor (lentils), oil seed such as rape, mustard and sunflower are also grown in minor quantities in the district.
  • Mangoes, citrus, guavas and pomegranate are the main fruits grown in the Multan district.
  • Dates, jaman, pears, Falsha and bananas are grown in minor quantities in the district Falsha are only grown in this area.This is very delicious fruit and its crop lost just for 2 to 3 weeks.
  • Multan has plenty of livestock still growing at a positive rate, which has led to milk processing/dairy products units, ice cream manufacturing, animal and poultry feed, dairy farms.

( Continued may 22, 2013 )


Multan, pakistan History and Important places (Part 2 )

Posted May 20, 2013

Language
People in Multan speak entirely different language than the punjabi language.There are lot of differences in these two languages like way of expression and pronunciation of words.This local language is called Saraiki.There are quit number of persian words in this language.This language is sweet and polite like the persian language.It is interesting that few words in persian are the same as in saraiki e.g een ja and uoon ja.It means here and there.
But other languages are also spoken like pure punjabi and urdu.Because of loving nature of people there is no distinction or hate among different dialects and have a mix culture of Great (North and South) Punjab..
The dialect changes if you move from Multan other area like Bahawalpur people speak Riasiti .People in Dera Ghazi khan speak Saraiki but their dialect is slightly different than pure saraiki.Whn you move towards uper punjab side and veen after 100 miles in sahiwal language changes.In this are people starts talking Punjabi.

Other popular Language include:Urdu which is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by the majority of local people.English is also understood and spoken by the educated and majority of the people.
It is interesting that some of the pakhtoon settled in Multan and they speak Pashto as well.Also some Afghani migrated to this area and in their families at home speak persian.Also some people migrated from India from particular area and they speak language which is called as Rhtaki, perhaps they came from Rohtak and Hasar, part of India.

( will continue may, 20, 203 )


Multan pakistan History and Important places (Part 1)

Posted May 19, 2013

Multan is situated in south of Punjab.This is 210 miles from lahore and roughly more than 500 miles from Islamabad which is capital of pakistan.
Multan (Urdu: مُلتان‎), (Saraiki: مُلتان); is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. The city is located on the banks of the Chenab River which is hardy 18 kilometer or 25 minutes drive from Multan.There are two routes ,one goes from the cantonment area and other is through bypass which starts from New bus stand (Nwan Busoon wala adda).
Multan is the oldest living civilization almost more than 5000 years Harrapa excavation is around 4000 years old civilization which is 88 miles from Multan.
Multan is known as the City of Sufis or City of Saints and Madinat-ul-Auliya because of the large number of shrines and Sufi saints buried in Multan.
This is the birthplace of Fariduddin Ganjshakar popularly known as Baba Farid, recognized as the first major poet of the Punjabi language.

Multan is located in a bend created by five rivers of central Pakistan. The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur which is just 60 kilometer and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh which is hardly 16 kilometer.On the north side there is Khanewal which is 34 kilometer.Another city Vehari that is also 100 kilometer .
Multan is famous for its crops: wheat, cotton and sugar cane as well as mangoes, citrus, guavas and pomegranates.Basically multan is famous for its delicious mangoes.There are best variety of mangoes and some people believes that these are the best in the world.This is because of the land which really give such sweet taste to these mangoes.Multan is alos famous in winter for Multani Sohan halwa.This is a type of sweets.

The overwhelming majority of the people are Muslims. However, the city does have some remnant Sikh and Hindu communities within the district that stayed after partition. There are also some temples and Gurdwaras that have survived within the city.One of the gurdavara is on Qilla Qasim ( Fort qasim) near the tomb of Shah Rkin e Alam.There are good numbers of intact churches.One of the church is in the cantonment area and this is really in good position.

( Continued ) May 19, 2013


Nutrients needed in the diet.

Posted May 15, 2013

(continued)
Calcium More Than Strong Bones

  1. Calcium is needed for the strong bones.It is needed for the teeth and bones.
  2. Calcium helps maintain muscle function and heart rhythm.
  3. It may help to prevent high blood pressure.
  4. Source of Calcium :
    1. Dairy products.
    2. Fish like salmon and kale.
    3. Vegetable like broccoli.
  5. For the absorption of calcium , Vit.D is needed.

Vitamin C
  1. Vit.C also boost immune system.
  2. It boosts the growth of bone and tissue.
  3. Some studies suggest that Vit.C can shorten the duration of symptoms of cold.
  4. As an antioxidant, it might also help protect cells from damage
  5. Vit.C is found in :
    1. Many fruits.
    2. Vegetables.
.
Fiber
  1. The food rich in fiber is needed for good functioning of GI tract.
  2. Fiber producing food has lot of health benefits.
  3. It helps lower cholesterol and improve bowel regularity.
  4. It might lower the risk of :
    1. Heart disease.
    2. Diabetes.
    3. Some cancers.
  5. High-fiber foods are often filling and low in calories.
  6. Food rich in fibers are :
    1. Grains, beans,
    2. Wheat
    3. Fruits.
    • Fiber supplements may, however, decrease the absorption of medications. and supplements.
(Source modified from webMD)


Nutrients In Diet Essential for Health.

Posted May 15, 2013

(continued)
Vitamin A

  1. There are two types of vitamin A:
    1. Retinol.
    2. Carotenoids, like beta-carotene.
  2. Beta-carotene is a carotenoid found in “
    1. Orange.
    2. Yellow foods like sweet potatoes, carrots, and winter squash.
    3. Spinach and broccoli.
  3. Vitamin A is important for the :
    1. Healthy vision.
    2. Good immunity.
    3. Tissue growth.

Vitamin D:

  1. Vitamin D is important in :
    1. The development of healthy bones.
    2. Muscles.
    3. Nerve fibers.
    4. And Strong immune system.
Our bodies can make Vit.D by exposure to sunlight.
  1. Food supplements are :
    1. Fatty fish e.g. salmon .
    2. mushrooms.
    3. Liver.
    4. Cheese.
    5. Egg yolks,
    6. Milk,.
    7. Some brands of orange juice.
    8. Many cereals are fortified with vitamin D.

(Source modified form webMD)


Nutrients in Diet essential for our health

Posted May 14, 2013

Following nutrient are needed in our daily food intake.

Potassium
  1. This can Lower Blood Pressure
  2. Every adults should get this essential nutrients.
  3. Potassium is one of the nutrient. Studies show that:
    1. potassium can help keep blood pressure in healthy range.
    2. . Potassium also supports fertility and muscle.
    3. Help The nerve function.
  4. Potassium is in lots of foods naturally like :
    1. Milk.
    2. Potatoes.
    3. sweet potatoes.
    4. Legumes.
    5. Avocados.
    6. Bananas .
. Magnesium
  1. Low magnesium levels may lead to problems like :
    1. Osteoporosis.
    2. High blood pressure.
    3. Diabetes.
    4. Muscle cramps.
    5. Heart disease.
  2. Elderly, people with stomach or intestinal problems, or those who regularly drink alcohol, are at risk for having low magnesium levels.
  3. Foods rich in magnesium are :
    1. Spinach.
    2. Beans.
    3. Peas.
    4. Whole grains.
    5. Nuts (especially almonds).
All above foods are good for your health. (.We will continue this topic.Source for this topic is webMD )